Smart Carbon Farming Conference

Boosting Climate-Sustainable Agriculture in Europe


Conservation Agriculture and Biodiversity Report

Moving towards the preservation and improvement of biodiversity in agricultural ecosystems

About us

ECAF was constituted in Brussels on 14th January, 1999, as a non-profit making international association, subjected to the Belgium laws. It was conceived to encourage any issue focused on maintaining the agrarian soil and its biodiversity in the context of sustainable agriculture.

The aims of ECAF are:


to promote information to society about the techniques that make it possible to conserve agrarian soil and its biodiversity, in the context of sustainable agriculture


to encourage the development, teaching and investigation on any aspect related to Conservation Agriculture and the biodiversity of agrarian soil


to develop all kinds of activities and programs addressed to the achievement of the previous aims

What is Conservation Agriculture?

Conservation Agriculture (CA) is defined as a sustainable agriculture production system comprising a set of farming practices adapted to the requirements of crops and local conditions of each region, whose farming and soil management techniques protect the soil from erosion and degradation, improve its quality and biodiversity, and contribute to the preservation of the natural resources, water and air, while optimizing yields.

Agronomic practices included in CA are based on three core principles, which must be fulfilled concomitantly:

  • Minimum soil disturbance.
  • Maintenance of permanent soil covers.
  • Cropping system diversity, crop rotations.